GWTC-1: a gravitational-wave transient catalog of compact binary mergers observed by LIGO and Virgo during the first and second observing runs BP Abbott, R Abbott, TD Abbott, S Abraham, F Acernese, K Ackley, ... Physical Review X 9 (3), 031040, 2019 | 4012 | 2019 |

GW170817: Measurements of neutron star radii and equation of state BP Abbott, R Abbott, TD Abbott, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, ... Physical review letters 121 (16), 161101, 2018 | 2508 | 2018 |

GWTC-2: compact binary coalescences observed by LIGO and Virgo during the first half of the third observing run R Abbott, TD Abbott, S Abraham, F Acernese, K Ackley, A Adams, ... Physical Review X 11 (2), 021053, 2021 | 2237* | 2021 |

Tests of general relativity with GW150914 BP Abbott, R Abbott, TD Abbott, MR Abernathy, F Acernese, K Ackley, ... Physical review letters 116 (22), 221101, 2016 | 1853 | 2016 |

Accurate evolutions of orbiting black-hole binaries without excision M Campanelli, CO Lousto, P Marronetti, Y Zlochower Physical Review Letters 96 (11), 111101, 2006 | 1593 | 2006 |

Properties of the binary neutron star merger GW170817 BP Abbott, R Abbott, TD Abbott, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, ... Physical Review X 9 (1), 011001, 2019 | 1453 | 2019 |

GWTC-3: Compact binary coalescences observed by LIGO and Virgo during the second part of the third observing run R Abbott, TD Abbott, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, N Adhikari, ... Physical Review X 13 (4), 041039, 2023 | 1128 | 2023 |

Properties of the binary black hole merger GW150914 BP Abbott, R Abbott, TD Abbott, MR Abernathy, F Acernese, K Ackley, ... Physical review letters 116 (24), 241102, 2016 | 1125 | 2016 |

Population of merging compact binaries inferred using gravitational waves through GWTC-3 R Abbott, TD Abbott, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, N Adhikari, ... Physical Review X 13 (1), 011048, 2023 | 816 | 2023 |

Binary black hole population properties inferred from the first and second observing runs of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo BP Abbott, R Abbott, TD Abbott, S Abraham, F Acernese, K Ackley, ... The Astrophysical Journal Letters 882 (2), L24, 2019 | 753 | 2019 |

Observation of gravitational waves from two neutron star–black hole coalescences R Abbott, TD Abbott, S Abraham, F Acernese, K Ackley, A Adams, ... The Astrophysical journal letters 915 (1), L5, 2021 | 732 | 2021 |

Properties and astrophysical implications of the 150 M⊙ binary black hole merger GW190521 R Abbott, TD Abbott, S Abraham, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, ... The Astrophysical Journal Letters 900 (1), L13, 2020 | 589 | 2020 |

Maximum gravitational recoil M Campanelli, CO Lousto, Y Zlochower, D Merritt Physical Review Letters 98 (23), 231102, 2007 | 579 | 2007 |

Large merger recoils and spin flips from generic black hole binaries M Campanelli, C Lousto, Y Zlochower, D Merritt The Astrophysical Journal 659 (1), L5, 2007 | 541 | 2007 |

Spinning-black-hole binaries: The orbital hang-up M Campanelli, CO Lousto, Y Zlochower Physical Review D—Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and Cosmology 74 (4), 041501, 2006 | 393 | 2006 |

Directly comparing GW150914 with numerical solutions of Einstein’s equations for binary black hole coalescence BP Abbott, R Abbott, TD Abbott, MR Abernathy, F Acernese, K Ackley, ... Physical Review D 94 (6), 064035, 2016 | 244 | 2016 |

Spin flips and precession in black-hole-binary mergers M Campanelli, CO Lousto, Y Zlochower, B Krishnan, D Merritt Physical Review D—Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and Cosmology 75 (6), 064030, 2007 | 222 | 2007 |

Circumbinary magnetohydrodynamic accretion into inspiraling binary black holes SC Noble, BC Mundim, H Nakano, JH Krolik, M Campanelli, Y Zlochower, ... The Astrophysical Journal 755 (1), 51, 2012 | 216 | 2012 |

Hangup kicks: still larger recoils by partial spin-orbit alignment of black-hole binaries CO Lousto, Y Zlochower Physical Review Letters 107 (23), 231102, 2011 | 215 | 2011 |

Model comparison from LIGO–Virgo data on GW170817’s binary components and consequences for the merger remnant BP Abbott, R Abbott, TD Abbott, S Abraham, F Acernese, K Ackley, ... Classical and Quantum Gravity 37 (4), 045006, 2020 | 205 | 2020 |